Worth noting too that there is plenty of funding for Uk stud dogs over 5 to be scanned, as this is the top priority group for Rupert's Fund. Breeders in the UK have LOTS and LOTS of stud dogs over 5. If they do not choose to scan, even when the cost is fully covered -- and when ALL breeders know perfectly well the huge impact one frequently used stud can have on generations of cavaliers that will all be significantly and often very closely related as so many are offspring of that ONE stud... it becomes harder and harder to believe breeder protestations on their discussion boards and email lists that they are utterly devoted to breed health and all rushing to scan. So many decent breeders desperately need scanning information on stud dogs but their owners are the most secretive group of all...